The first industrial revolution occurred towards the end of the 18th century with the introduction of steam power and mechanisation. The second industrial revolution took place at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century and was driven by the invention of electrical devices and mass production. The third industrial revolution was brought about by computers and automation at the end of the 20th century. The fourth industrial revolution is happening as result of combining physical and cyber systems. It is also called Industry 4.0 and is seen as the integration of additive manufacturing, augmented reality, Big Data, cloud computing, cyber security, Internet of Things (IoT), simulation and systems engineering. Most organisations are struggling with the integration process and, as a consequence, are only exploiting a fraction of the capabilities of the new technology. Revolutions are, by their nature, disruptive and those organisations that embrace and exploit the innovations will benefit while the existence of the remainder is under threat [see [‘The disrupting benefit of innovation’ on May 23rd, 2018].
Our work on the Integrated Nuclear Digital Environment, on Digital Twins, in the MOTIVATE project and on hierarchical modelling in engineering and biology is all part of the revolution.
Links to these research posts:
‘Enabling or disruptive technology for nuclear engineering?’ on January 28th, 2015
‘Can you trust your digital twin?’ on November 23rd, 2016
‘Getting Smarter’ on June 21st, 2017
‘Hierarchical modelling in engineering and biology’ [March 14th, 2018]
Image: Christoph Roser at AllAboutLean.com from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Industry_4.0.png [CC BY-SA 4.0].